First Aid For Babies: Bruises, Scars, Cuts, Wounds, And Scrapes
Babies are curious and accidents happen, so cuts, scrapes, wounds, and bruises are inevitable for your little one. Most babies are soothed just by your touch, but sometimes their skin needs a little extra care based upon the severity of the injury and their skin type.
Continue reading to discover how to treat each incident so your baby’s skin can heal as quickly and with as little pain or discomfort as possible.
According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, a wound is defined as “an injury to the body that typically involves laceration or breaking of a membrane (such as the skin) and usually damage to underlying tissues.”
As much as you want to prevent your little one from getting hurt, odds are your baby will acquire some kind of wound in their lifetime. But don’t fret — we have the best treatment options to get your baby back on the go in no time!
You can easily treat most of your baby’s wounds at home if you know how to stop the bleeding and apply a dressing.
Wash your hands before examining a wound, and apply direct pressure to the wound with a clean bandage or cloth until the bleeding stops. Elevate the wound above the level of your child’s heart to slow the bleeding. For example, prop your baby’s arm or leg up on a pillow.
After the bleeding slows down, follow these directions:
- Rinse the wound with clean water until all dirt or debris is removed.
- Wash the wound with warm water and rinse.
- Gently apply a small amount of Cicastela Moisture Recovery Cream.
- Place a bandage or gauze over the wound.
- Clean the area daily and apply Cicastela Moisture Recovery Cream until your baby’s wound is fully healed.
Call your child’s doctor if the wound is:
- On their face
- Caused by a bite from an animal or another child
- Deep and caused by a dirty object (such as a nail)
- Showing signs of infection: redness, pus, oozing, or swelling
Take your child directly to the emergency room if:
- Bleeding doesn’t stop within 10 minutes of applied pressure
- You suspect the need for stitches
- The wound is embedded with dirt or some other debris
- Something large is stuck in their skin
Your baby can get a cut when an object pierces into their first layer of skin. Stitches are required for deep cuts. Here are some guidelines for cuts to determine if stitches are needed:
- Goes all the way through the skin
- Wide with visible dark red muscle or yellowish fat
- More than ½ an inch long
- Won’t stop bleeding
Note: Some small cuts may still require medical attention. If the cut is deep or is in a cosmetically sensitive area, such as the face, take your child to get examined by their pediatrician right away.
To stop the bleeding, use gauze and apply pressure over the cut for five to 10 minutes. Then carefully clean the affected area with Mustela’s Gentle Soap with Cold Cream.
Soaking the area in the bathtub is another option if your child is resistant while you attempt to clean the cut. (Don’t do this for deep cuts because it may cause swelling to the laceration.)
After you clean your baby’s cut, apply a small amount of Mustela’s Cicastela Moisture Recovery Cream. It promotes skin recovery and helps nourish your baby’s delicate skin. And because this cream increases skin-healing properties, infections can be reduced.
With a little care and a lot of love, your baby’s cut will heal nicely!
Options For Closing A Cut
Deep cuts require different courses of treatment, so take a look at the options below.
After examining your baby’s wound, your pediatrician will decide if skin glue is the best option. Your baby’s doctor will line up the wound edges as accurately as possible so the skin glue can be applied over the closed cut.
Skin glue is not as durable as stitches, but it’s a good choice for a straight cut. It’s quick and painless!
Steri-strips, better known as the butterfly bandage, are narrow adhesive strips that are placed over the cut. They are used for small cuts and can be applied at home or by your baby’s doctor.
Stitches are the most durable option and must be administered by a doctor. However, stitches can be painful and require time and patience while putting them in.
There are two types of stitches: absorbable (need to be removed) and non-absorbable (do not need to be removed).
Staples are fast and are most often used for cuts in the scalp where the hair is involved. Staples are only administered by a doctor.
Scrapes are surface wounds that don’t go all the way through the skin. You’ll often find scrapes on your baby’s elbows, knees, and palms from where they’ve fallen and tried to catch themselves.
The first step is to try to calm your baby down, and then follow these steps:
- Apply direct pressure to your baby’s scrape for 10 minutes or until the bleeding stops.
- Wash the scrape with soap and water. Try Mustela’s Gentle Cleansing Gel to effectively clean and soothe your baby’s skin.
- Use a washcloth to gently scrub away any dirt.
- Apply Cicastela Moisture Recovery Cream to replenish and moisturize your baby’s skin.
- Cover the affected area with a bandage or gauze to prevent infection.
When your baby’s wound starts to heal, the skin will naturally repair itself. The baby wound on top of the skin turns into a scab. The scab will fall off once the wound is fully healed.
Your baby’s skin may bounce back with no scarring or the wound may leave a scar.
To reduce the appearance of scars, try these natural home remedies:
- Aloe Vera — Contains anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties. Apply it to your baby’s scar and leave it on for 30 minutes. Apply up to twice per day.
- Coconut Oil — Acts as a thick, moisturizing barrier as your baby’s skin begins to heal. Warm the oil and gently massage it over your baby’s scar for about three minutes. Repeat up to three times per day.
- Cicastela Moisture Recovery Cream — Fragrance-free and formulated with a blend of restorative ingredients, including plant-derived hyaluronic acid, which hydrates to promote skin recovery. Apply twice per day.
Bruises develop when your baby takes a tumble or bumps into something — like falling when they’re learning to walk. This causes your baby’s capillaries — tiny blood vessels — to break and leak blood.
The affected area will look red, purple, or blue and then slowly fade to a greenish-yellow color. A bruise may appear right after a small trauma to the skin, or it may not show up until the next day.
Apply a cold compress to ease the pain and swelling. There is no need to call your baby’s pediatrician for typical, occasional bruising. Provide an ice pack and give your little one some extra TLC.
However, the following are causes for concern, so give your baby’s pediatrician a call if you notice:
- Large bruises
- Ongoing pain
- Abdominal bruises
- Frequent, unexplained bruising
- A bruise that doesn’t fade or disappear after two weeks
- A bruise on a large joint that makes your child hesitant to move that joint
Note: If you notice frequent bruising after picking up your child from a caregiver or you have any suspicions of abuse, talk to your child’s pediatrician or reach out to the authorities right away.
Preventing Baby Injuries
Getting a skinned knee is a rite of passage for kids. They bore the battle wound from playing hard! And while there’s no preventing injuries 100 percent of the time, your baby’s skin isn’t necessarily inviting them in.
Once your baby is on the go, implement these safety tips:
- Place safety covers on all outlets
- Lock up any cabinets or drawers with sharp objects
- Store tools in locked containers
- Cover sharp edges (for example, coffee tables and fireplace edges)
- Scan yard and driveway for sharp objects
First Aid For Babies: Summing It All Up
As a parent, it’s scary when you notice blood on your baby. Knowing the different treatment methods for each type of injury — baby wounds, baby cuts, baby scrapes, baby scars, baby bruises — can help put your mind at ease.
Stay up to date on first aid procedures for your baby and remember to keep your Cicastela Moisture Recovery Cream on-hand. You’ll be a pro at handling your baby’s injuries in no time!