Eating properly during pregnancy
Foods to avoid
There are a number of foods that you should avoid during pregnancy as they run the risk of transmitting bacterial infections that are dangerous for your baby and/or you yourself. These include toxoplasmosis and listeriosis. At the start of your pregnancy, your doctor will prescribe a blood analysis for you in order to make sure that you are immunized against toxoplasmosis: that way, you'll know which foods you can and can't eat.
- Carefully rinse and/or peel all the fruit and vegetables that you eat raw – this will minimize the risk of listeriosis and toxoplasmosis. If you're invited to a restaurant, it's a good idea to avoid raw vegetables – it's impossible to know whether or not they have been cleaned properly.
- In order to avoid listeriosis, you should temporarily give up raw milk cheeses, raw fish, raw or undercooked meat, fish eggs, all raw shellfish and seafood, smoked fish, surimi and taramasalata, foie gras and most meat products (raw ham, rillettes, pate, sausages or products in jelly, particularly cut to order). You can, however, eat cheeses made with pasteurized milk, thoroughly cooked shellfish and seafood and pre-packaged raw ham (provided you eat it within 48 hours of opening the package).
- Raw or improperly cooked meat is one of the main vectors of toxoplasmosis. It is therefore essential that you thoroughly cook all meat that you consume: wait until after your child has been born before you enjoy a rare steak! You should also avoid smoked or marinated meats.
- Raw eggs can sometimes carry another dangerous bacteria – salmonella. So you should avoid fried eggs, as well as chocolate mousse, spaghetti carbonara, tiramisu, ice cream and home-made mayonnaise. They all most likely contain raw eggs.